Substantive editing

Lex Academic substantive editing is our most comprehensive author service. We will transform your submission into publication-worthy prose.

Substantive editing

A subject expert will bond with your paper, making suggestions and emendations that reflect a deep understanding of your ideas. In so doing, the editor will help to clarify the respective components of your argument, reconstructing the text (where necessary) to foreground the originality of the content.

We regularly work with authors following ‘revise and resubmit’ recommendations to ensure their papers hit the right notes second time around. Our substantive edits are beautifully finished by our Managing Editor, Louise Chapman, whose intuitive interventions never fail to bring out the best in an author’s work.

Substantive editing can include cutting documents down to an agreed length, as well as providing wholesale stylistic overhauls (e.g., adapting a paper from continental to analytic style).

Substantive editing is for those clients whose writing expects to reach a wider public, owing to which it needs to be truly extraordinary (not merely fault-free). Lex Academic’s substantive editing is proven to make an impression with academic journals and major publishers.

View example

As part of substantive editing, we render your work consistent with regard to formatting and referencing style. To this end, we are conversant with the dominant citation styles for business, the social sciences (including psychology), medicine, humanities, and law (including APA, Chicago, Harvard, ICMJE, MHRA, MLA, and OSCOLA). Furthermore, we readily familiarise ourselves with the peculiarities required by different university faculties for the sake of Ph.D. and D.Phil submission. Just let us know your referencing style and spelling conventions (e.g., American or British English) and we can begin working our magic on your manuscript.

All changes to your text are logged through Microsoft Word’s Track Changes facility. This enables you to keep tabs on our interventions, giving you autonomy over the final draft of your work. All substantive edits are finished by our masterful (and hawk-eyed) Managing Editor, Louise Chapman, whose editorial standards are nothing short of ruthless.

Can we help with anything else?

Ensure your entire manuscript is submission-ready with our bespoke Indexing and Bibliography Compiling services.

Please get in touch with our Managing Editor detailing your editorial requirements.

Academic Proofreading | Lex Academic


Proofreading is for those clients who need the peace of mind of knowing that their manuscript is absolutely fault-free.

Copy-editing | Lex Academic | Academic Proofreading


Copy-editing is for those clients who are hoping to improve the overall style and concision of their writing, while making a guaranteed impression with academic journals.

Indexing | Lex Academic | Academic Proofreading


Lex Academic crafts dedicated indexes for personal names (index nominum), places (index locorum), and words (index verborum).

Bibliography compiling | Lex Academic | Academic Proofreading

Bibliography compiling

At Lex Academic, we create your bibliography on your behalf. Simply supply the text of your manuscript—with an indication of your citation style—and we will get to work organising a consistent and complete list of works cited.